Formal state institutions are important for the regulation of conflict, particularly in societies characterized by divisions along lines of ethnic or religious identity or social disparity. The design of institutions such as territorial state structure, electoral systems and party regulations, system of government, the judiciary and the security sector can help to alleviate, if not resolve, underlying tensions between identity groups and/or former opponents. The debate on institutional engineering for divided societies is hence obviously greatly relevant for the prevention of violence as well as for overcoming a violent past. However, empirical evidence on which institutions work for divided societies and post-conflict settings remains largely inconclusive. This is at least partly due to a lack of integrative research in the field and applies to at least two aspects:
First, there has been little effort to identify how specific contexts such as the respective character of divisions or the traumatic experience of violence condition the prospect of successful institutional engineering.
Second, scholars typically focus on one type of institution instead of engaging in integrative analyses of the interaction of the whole set of institutions, and there is little exchange between specialists on various institutions and their impact.
The international network project Institutions for Sustainable Peace (ISP) is funded by the Leibniz Gemeinschaft for three years. Its main aims are to help overcome these deficiencies by