Conference Panel

Elites and non-Elites in War-to-Peace Transitions: Behaviour and Interests

ISA Panel
Stefan Wolff, University of Birmingham
Gerald Schneider, University of Konstanz
ISP Network

Research on actors in war-to-peace transitions tends to focus on elites and elite behaviour, but often restricts itself to the role of spoilers In addition, there is a separate literature on non-elite actors in peacebuilding, notably civil society actors. The latter focuses often on the roles these actors play or their reaction to peacebuilding reforms and less on the interest they represent. This panel seeks to reframe and connect both debates. It asks for more comprehensive pictures of the interests, behaviour and rationalities of elite and non-elite actors, as well as their interaction in the immediate post-war period. The papers address interests of the actors, including bureaucratic, technocratic, cultural or historical ones. How does the behaviour of elite and non-elite actors and their interest and rationalities affect and transform key events in war-to-peace transitions? What is their impact on political stability, legitimacy and conflict mitigation? The panel looks at cases from different world regions from both a quantitative and qualitative perspective, showing conditions under which elites and non-elite actors significantly impact transitions from war to peace beyond the traditional inclusion / exclusion and spoiler debate.

Post-conflict violence from a principal-agent perspective
Author: Joakim Kreutz (Swedish Institute for International Affairs)

Conditions and Factors for (Re-) Negotiating Political Settlements: Elites’ Interests and the Inclusion of Non-State (Armed) Groups
Author: Stina Lundström (Berghof Foundation)

The Political Economy of Foreign Aid, Power-Sharing, and Post-Conflict Democratization
Author: Felix Haass (GIGA Hamburg)

Interim Governments and the Stability of Peace
Author: Julia Strasheim (German Institute of Global and Areas Studies (GIGA))

The Temporal Dynamics of Political Power-Sharing and Post-Conflict Peace Duration in Africa South of the Sahara
Author: Felix Bethke (Centre for Global Cooperation Research, Duisburg)
Author: Florian Ranft (Ernst Moritz Arndt University Greifswald)